Monthly Archives: October 2019

All About Tooth Decay and Its Effects on Our Health

Most people love taking sugary foods and drinks but be warned, it increases the risk of having tooth decay. 

What is tooth decay?

Tooth decay is a condition characterized by a thin plaque carrying bacterias. These bacterias convert the sugar present in the mouth to acid. The acids formed by plaque bacteria slowly dissolves the tooth, starting from the enamel and spreads to the pulp. At the initial stages, tooth decay might not cause its victim any discomfort as it involves the enamel which is the hardest part of the tooth. It can only be picked up by the dentist during routine check ups. This is why it is important to visit the dentist regularly.

Tooth decay can be reversed in its initial stage by reducing the intake of sugary foods and drinks especially in between meals. This will give the teeth enough time to clear off acids that might have been created. Brushing regularly with a fluoride toothpaste also helps. Fluoride strengthens the enamel.  When tooth decay progresses and begins to affect the dentin and pulp, the patient will begin to feel pain and then deem it necessary to pay the dentist a visit. At this stage, a hole might have developed. Depending on the damage caused by the decay, a dentist might decide to:

  • Use a filling. This requires removal of the decayed part before the filling is added
  • Removing the entire tooth; When the damage caused by the decay is irreversible, the tooth is completely removed. It can be replaced with a dental implant or denture.

Symptoms of tooth decay includes: tooth ache, increased tooth sensitivity, bad breath and appearance of dark spots on the tooth. It is wise to visit the dentist if you experience any of these symptoms however subtle. Tooth decay detected early can save the tooth.

How Dental Implants Became One of the Most Successful Treatments for Missing Teeth

Teeth loss can be really upsetting. Despite improvements in dental care, a surprising amount of persons suffer tooth loss either due to tooth decay, periodontal disease, or injury. For many years, the common treatment options available for people with missing teeth were bridges and dentures. But, in recent times, dental implants are available for tooth replacement.

What is Dental Implant?

Dental implants can be referred to as replacement tooth roots. Implants provide a sturdy ground for permanent or removable replacement teeth that are made to resemble your natural teeth. Dental implants are placed surgically into the jawbone beneath the gums. Once the implant has been put in place, your dentist can proceed to mount replacement teeth onto them.

To get implants, it is important you have healthy gums and sufficient bone mass to support the implant. You should also make it a point of duty to keep these structures healthy. Constant oral hygiene and regular dental visits are essential to the long-term survival of dental implants.

Is it safe?

It sure is. Dental Implant surgery has a success rate of about 98%. With adequate care, dental implants can last for a lifetime.

How to care for dental implants

Maintain normal proper oral hygiene; brush your teeth twice a day and floss at least once a day too. Use an interdental brush that gets in between teeth to remove particles around the implant.

Quit unhealthy habits like smoking. Smoking can lead to implant failure amongst other health risks.

Visit your dentist regularly. You will need to go for routine checks say, every six months to ensure your implant is in healthy condition

Refrain from chewing hard food or ice. They can damage the crown and natural teeth.

Getting a dental implant is a costlier option when replacing missing tooth but it is more comfortable compared to dentures.

Using Laser Therapy For Gum Disease

Laser gum therapy is also referred to as LANAP. It is an advanced, highly effective procedure employed by dentists in the treatment of periodontal (gum) disease. It can save teeth that seem already destroyed. In this procedure, laser light is used by a skilled professional to carefully remove bacteria and diseased tissue from the gum. This allows the gum pockets to heal and improve, allowing the tooth to become more stable. After which, healing occurs.

Why use laser gum therapy?

The traditional method used to treat periodontal disease involves cutting and stitching which is associated with a lot of unpleasant effects from pain and increased sensitivity to higher risks of infection. Using laser treatment is more effective, you will achieve similar results faster. Let us not forget that you will heal faster too. Treating gum disease with laser therapy saves from you the following :

  • Cutting of gum tissue; Medical lasers are used to achieve similar results with less pain and blood which is equivalent to easier and faster recovery.
  • Loss of gum tissue; Instead of losing gum tissue by cutting it off with a scalpel, a doctor just removes diseased gum tissue with laser and prevents the gum from getting infected further.
  • Infection; Blood and exposed tissue are affiliated with infection. Using laser gum therapy reduces the risk of getting infected during and after treatment.

Persons with gum pockets greater than 5mm should get laser gum treatment. Make sure you go for this procedure only on your doctor’s recommendation. Laser gum therapy or LANAP can be performed simply by the following steps:

  • Perio probe shows the exact gum pocket depth
  • Laser light is used by a professional to remove bacteria alongside diseased gum tissue.
  • Root surface accretions are cleaned using an ultrasonic scaler and other hand instruments
  • Dentist uses the laser for a second time; sterilizing the area. This will stimulate blood clotting factors forming a natural seal around the teeth allowing faster healing and also prevents new germs from entering the gums.
  • Healing of gum takes place with time

Laser gum therapy is a safe and effective way to treat periodontal disease.